Epekeina Jug

When forging the Epekeina jug I start with a 3 mm silver sheet
with a diameter of 35 cm, which I anneal first.
This takes a good deal longer than if I were using a thin sheet, of course.
On an anvil I hollow out the silver with a ball peen hammer,
so I can stretch it over the anvil's horn with a cross peen hammer.

I continue stretching steadily for quite some time in order to prevent
everything from going, well, pearshaped at this stage.
Now the silver bulges upward in a structured fashion.


Annealing regularly is important.
Since the silver is not only reshaped, but also made thinner by my forging,
it becomes hard more quickly.

Steadily I forge on.


In each 'round' of forging I reshape and stretch the silver a little more.


I want the handle to be slightly curved.
I cannot achieve this by simply bending it, so I have to forge it.


I do this by stretching the outside of the curve
slighter further than the inside.


Now it is time to stretch the outside.


Using a raising hammer I forge the bottom,
hammering in outward spirals.


Meanwhile, I keep annealing the jug in between forging.
I try not to let the silver get any hotter than 600 degrees Celsius.


Here the sides are starting to rise.


The handle is 33 cm high and has a wall thickness of about 1 mm.
The sides are still   over 2 mm thick here.


The outside is almost as high as I want it,
but it needs to be raised inwards.


The anvil and vice holding the stake over which I forge the outside.


I still have to anneal regularly.
My heat source is placed on a potter's wheel
so I can turn the jug and heat it evenly.


Almost done!
This jug is not planished with a planishing hammer,
but completely forged with a raising hammer.
Forging it with a raising hammer gives the jug a nice even,
'wavy' texture.


The Epekeina jug



This Epekeina jug and other silver objects can be seen in Large Silverwork.




International modelright applies to all work shown here.

Photos: Willem Tredgett ©